Friday, May 27, 2016

Revisiting Isaiah 42 Addendum: The Theology of Isaiah Contrasted with the teachings of Muhammad

By Sam Shamoun

In our previous discussion we examined the over all context of the book of Isaiah in order to conclusively establish that Muhammad could not have been the servant mentioned by the prophet in the 42nd chapter. Here we are going to take a brief look at Isaiah’s theology and contrast it with what Muhammad proclaimed for the express purpose of providing additional evidence that Muhammad could not be possibly be a true prophet.

According to Isaiah, a child will be born to reign forever upon David’s throne as the Mighty God in the flesh:

For unto us a child is born (yeled yulad), unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God (El Gibbor), The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this.” Isaiah 9:6-7

What makes this a rather shocking prophecy is that in the very next chapter, Isaiah identifies Yahweh as the Mighty God:

And it shall come to pass in that day, that the remnant of Israel, and such as are escaped of the house of Jacob, shall no more again stay upon him that smote them; but shall stay upon the Lord, the Holy One of Israel, in truth. The remnant shall return, even the remnant of Jacob, unto the mighty God (El Gibbor).” Isaiah 10:20-21

And since Isaiah says elsewhere that there is no other god besides Yahweh,

Ye are my witnesses, saith the Lord, and my servant whom I have chosen: that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am he: before me there was no God (El) formed, neither shall there be after me.” Isaiah 43:10

Tell ye, and bring them near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? who hath told it from that time? have not I the Lord? and there is no God (Elohim) else beside me; a just God (El) and a Saviour; there is none beside me. Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I am God (El), and there is none else.” Isaiah 45:21-22

This, therefore, means that the child to be born must be Yahweh God Incarnate!

Thus, the prophet is envisioning a time when God Almighty shall become a man, which directly contradicts the Quran’s express denial of Allah being born. What makes this rather interesting is that the Muslim scripture even goes as far as to employ the exact Arabic cognate of the Hebrew word yulad to refute the possibility of Allah ever allowing himself to be begotten:

He begetteth (yalid) not, nor is He begotten (yulad); S. 112:3 Y. Ali

The other problem that Muslims face with trying to find Muhammad in the book of Isaiah is that the prophet speaks of Yahweh lifting up his beloved Servant to a very highly exalted position:

Behold, my servant shall deal prudently, he shall be exalted and extolled (yarum wa'nissa), and be very high.” Isaiah 52:13

As we saw previously, Isaiah describes the exaltation of the Servant in the exact same way that the prophet speaks of Yahweh being enthroned from a very high and lofty place:

In the year that king Uzziah died I saw also the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up (ram wa'nissa), and his train filled the temple. Above it stood the seraphims: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly. And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord of hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory. And the posts of the door moved at the voice of him that cried, and the house was filled with smoke. Then said I, Woe is me! for I am undone; because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips: for mine eyes have seen the King, the Lord of hosts.” Isaiah 6:1-5

For thus saith the high and lofty One (ram wa'nissa) that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high (marom) and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.” Isaiah 57:15 – cf. 2:11-17; 5:16; 33:5, 10

As noted before, this means that Yahweh has raised his Servant to share in his sovereign rule over the entire creation. The following Jewish exposition shows just remarkable this prophecy is:

“I will now proceed to my exposition. 13 Behold my servant shall have understanding. From the prophet’s saying ‘understanding,’ it may be seen that all the lofty predicates which he assigns to him have their source in this attribute; in virtue of his comprehensive intelligence he will attain an elevation above that even of the most perfect men in the world. He shall be high and exalted, and lofty exceedingly. According to the Midrash of our Rabbis; he will be higher than Abraham, who was first of all a ‘high father,’ and afterwards a father of a multitude. He will be more exalted than Moses, who was ‘exalted’ above the exalted ones of Levi (cf. Num. iii. 32), who was a prophet such that ‘none arose like him in Israel,’ (Deut. xxxiv. 10), who ‘saved’ Israel ‘with a great salvation’ (cf. I Chron. xi. 14) when they came out of Egypt, and the report of whom spread into all places until ‘the dukes of Edom were confounded’ before him, and ‘trembling seized the mighty men of Moab, and all the inhabitants of Canaan melted away’ (Ex. xv. 15). But this one will be exalted far above Moses: for when he gathers together our scattered ones from the four corners of the earth, he will be exalted in the eyes of all the kings in the whole world, and all of them will serve him, and will exalt him above them, as Daniel prophesies concerning him, ‘All nations, peoples, and tongues shall serve him’ (Dan. vii. 14, 27). He will be loftier than Solomon, whose dignity was so lofty that he is said to have ‘sat on the throne of the Lord’ (I Chron. xxix. 23), and our Rabbis say that he was king over both the upper and the nether world. But THE KING MESSIAH, in his ALL-COMPREHENDING INTELLIGENCE, will be loftier than Solomon. Exceedingly above the ministering angels, because that same comprehensive intelligence will approach [God] more nearly than theirs. For it is an exceedingly high privilege, that one whose nature is compound and material should attain to a grade of intelligence more nearly Divine than that which belongs to the incorporeal; and so it is said of him that ‘his strength is greater than that of the ministering angels,’ because these have no impediment in the exercise of their intellect, whereas that which is compound is continually impeded in consequence of material element in its nature. Accordingly, the grade of his intelligence being such as this, he is said to be ‘lofty exceedingly,’ and his strength to be ‘greater than the angels.’… And when this ‘servant of the Lord’ is born, he will continue to be marked by the possession of intelligence enabling him to acquire from God what it is impossible for any to acquire until he reaches that height wither none of the sons of men, EXCEPT HIM, have ever ascended: from that day he will be counted with his people Israel, and will share their subjugation and distress; ‘in all their affliction’ (Is. lxiii. 9) he will be exceedingly afflicted; and because of their being outcasts and scattered to the ends of the world, his grief will be such that the colour of his countenance will be changed from that of a man, and pangs and sicknesses will seize him (for great grief, as physicians know, by producing melancholy, subjects a man to many diseases); and all the chastisements which come upon him in consequence of his grief will be for our sakes, and not from any deficiency or sin on his part which might bring punishment in his train, BECAUSE HE IS PERFECT, IN THE COMPLETENESS OF PERFECTION, as Isaiah says (xi. 2f.). Truly all his pains and sicknesses will be for us…” (R. Mosheh Kohen Ibn Crispin (14th century AD), as quoted in The “Suffering Servant” of Isaiah According to the Jewish Interpreters, translated by Samuel R. Driver and Adolf Neubauer, with an introduction by Edward B. Pusey [Hermon Press, New York: Reprinted in 1969], pp. 101-103; bold and capital emphasis ours)

In this rabbinic reference, the Jewish author tied in Isaiah 52:13-53:12 with Psalm 2:7, 110:1 and Daniel 7:13-14, and ascribed them all to the King the Messiah. And pay close attention to the rabbi’s candid admission that the exalted language of Isaiah 52:13 goes above and beyond what can be said of an ordinary creature.

This is precisely where the problem lies for Muslims since what Isaiah says about the Servant’s exalted status conflicts with Muhammad’s message that Allah does not allow anyone to share in his sovereign rule over creation:

Knowest thou not that it is Allah unto Whom belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth; and ye have not, beside Allah, any guardian or helper? S. 2:107 Pickthall

He unto Whom belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth, He hath chosen no son nor hath He any partner in the Sovereignty. He hath created everything and hath meted out for it a measure. S. 25:2 Pickthall – cf. S. 17:111

The other major problem that Muslims face is that Isaiah identifies Yahweh as Israel’s spiritual Father who made and saves them:

Doubtless thou art our father, though Abraham be ignorant of us, and Israel acknowledge us not: thou, O Lord, art our father, our redeemer; thy name is from everlasting.” Isaiah 63:16

But now, O Lord, thou art our father; we are the clay, and thou our potter; and we all are the work of thy hand.” Isaiah 64:8

The spiritual Fatherhood of God is even more strongly emphasized by the inspired NT writers, particularly by the Lord Jesus who often spoke of God as his Father and the Father of all true believers:

“Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.” Matthew 5:16

“And call no man your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven.” Matthew 23:9

“And when ye stand praying, forgive, if ye have ought against any: that your Father also which is in heaven may forgive you your trespasses. But if ye do not forgive, neither will your Father which is in heaven forgive your trespasses.” Mark 11:25-26

All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knoweth who the Son is, but the Father; and who the Father is, but the Son, and he to whom the Son will reveal him.” Luke 10:22

These words spake Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee:” John 17:1

Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to MY Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto MY Father, and YOUR Father; and to my God, and your God.” John 20:17

In fact, the Christian Scriptures go as far as to identify the one true God as the Father:

These words spake Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee: as thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him. And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.” John 17:1-3

but to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.” 1 Corinthians 8:6

one God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.” Ephesians 4:6

This affirms that spiritual Fatherhood is an essential and intrinsic aspect of God’s personal identity, that being the Father is who and what God is, not something he decides to become at some point in time.

And yet Muhammad comes hundreds of years after God’s inspired emissaries and denies that his god is a father to anyone, especially to Jews, Christians, or even Jesus himself:

(Both) the Jews and the Christians say: "We are sons of God, and his beloved." Say: "Why then doth He punish you for your sins? Nay, ye are but men,- of the men he hath created: He forgiveth whom He pleaseth, and He punisheth whom He pleaseth: and to God belongeth the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between: and unto Him is the final goal (of all)." S. 5:18 Y. Ali

The Jews say, Ezra is the son of God: And the Christians say Christ is the son of God. They say this (only) with their mouths: They imitate the saying of those who were unbelievers in former times. May God curse them (literally: fight against them)! How can they be so infatuated? S. 9:30 Sale – cf. 6:101; 19:88-93; 21:26; 39:4; 72:3

As far as the NT is concerned, Muhammad’s denial of the Fatherhood of God and the Sonship of Christ makes him one of the antichrists that was to come into the world:

Who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist, that denieth the Father and the Son. Whosoever denieth the Son, the same hath not the Father: [but] he that acknowledgeth the Son hath the Father also.” 1 John 2:22-23

Muhammad is also at odds with Isaiah’s teaching that Yahweh’s Servant will offer his life as an atoning sacrifice for the sins of the world:

As many were astonied at thee; his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men: so shall he sprinkle many nations; the kings shall shut their mouths at him: for that which had not been told them shall they see; and that which they had not heard shall they consider. Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed? For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him. He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not. Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth. He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken. And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth. Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand. He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities. Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.” Isaiah 52:14-53:12  

With the foregoing in view, how could Isaiah have predicted the coming of Muhammad when the message of the latter is in direct opposition to the very core teachings found in the book of Isaiah? Do Muslims really want us to believe that Isaiah would announce the coming of a man who contradicted the prophet’s inspired testimony concerning the nature of God, the Person and role of the coming Davidic King, and the plan of salvation?  

In light of the foregoing, Muslims need to stop appealing to Isaiah 42 as a prophecy of Muhammad since their prophet’s message directly conflicts with some of the essential doctrines of the book of Isaiah. They must come to grips with the fact that Isaiah’s testimony does not support their beliefs about Muhammad being a messenger of the true God. On the contrary, Isaiah’s proclamation provides further evidence that Muhammad was a false prophet who perverted the revelation brought by the inspired emissaries of the one true God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and who became incarnate in the Person of Jesus Christ.

All Scriptural citations taken from the Authorized King James Version (AV) of the Holy Bible.

Thursday, May 26, 2016

Revisiting the Prophecy of Isaiah 42

By Sam Shamoun

This article is intended to supplement the following response by providing further details showing that the Servant spoken of in Isaiah 42 is not Muhammad. Rather, the Servant of Yahweh is the Messiah who comes to accomplish God’s plan to establish salvation and justice throughout the entire world.

Here is Isaiah’s prophecy in its entirety:

“Behold, my servant, whom I uphold; my chosen, in whom my soul delights—I have put my Spirit on him. He will bring justice to the nations. He will not shout, nor raise his voice, nor cause it to be heard in the street. He won’t break a bruised reed. He won’t quench a dimly burning wick. He will faithfully bring justice. He will not fail nor be discouraged, until he has set justice in the earth, and the islands will wait for his law.’ Thus says God Yahweh, he who created the heavens and stretched them out, he who spread out the earth and that which comes out of it, he who gives breath to its people and spirit to those who walk in it. I, Yahweh, have called you in righteousness, and will hold your hand, and will keep you, and make you a covenant for the people, as a light for the nations; to open the blind eyes, to bring the prisoners out of the dungeon, and those who sit in darkness out of the prison. I am Yahweh. That is my name. I will not give my glory to another, nor my praise to engraved images. Behold, the former things have happened, and I declare new things. I tell you about them before they come up.’ Sing to Yahweh a new song, and his praise from the end of the earth, you who go down to the sea, and all that is therein, the islands and their inhabitants. Let the wilderness and its cities raise their voices, with the villages that Kedar inhabits. Let the inhabitants of Sela sing. Let them shout from the top of the mountains! Let them give glory to Yahweh, and declare his praise in the islands. Yahweh will go out like a mighty man. He will stir up zeal like a man of war. He will raise a war cry. Yes, he will shout aloud. He will triumph over his enemies.” Isaiah 42:1-13

What we intend to do here is to show how the same language that Isaiah employs to describe the Person and mission of the Servant is found in other texts, texts which help us see more clearly who this extraordinary figure is.

1. My servant.

Listen, islands, to me. Listen, you peoples, from afar: Yahweh has called me from the womb; from the inside of my mother he has mentioned my name. He has made my mouth like a sharp sword. He has hidden me in the shadow of his hand. He has made me a polished shaft. He has kept me close in his quiver. He said to me, ‘You are my servant; Israel, in whom I will be glorified.’” Isaiah 49:1-3

The Servant here is called Israel, not because he happens to be the nation, but because he is an individual Israelite who represents and saves the nation. More on the Servant’s ethnicity a little later.

2. God’s Spirit rests upon the Servant in order to empower him to accomplish God’s will perfectly.

A shoot will come out of the stock of Jesse, and a branch out of his roots will bear fruit. Yahweh’s Spirit will rest on him: the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of Yahweh.” Isaiah 11:1-2

The Lord Yahweh’s Spirit is on me; because Yahweh has anointed me to preach good news to the humble.” Isaiah 61:1a

Jesse was the father of King David:

and Obed became the father of Jesse, and Jesse became the father of David.” Ruth 4:22

This further confirms that the Servant is not an Arab, but an Israelite from the line of David.

3. The Servant is a light and covenant for the nations who shall establish justice in the world, as well as bring salvation and miraculous healing for all the inhabitants of the earth.

But there shall be no more gloom for her who was in anguish. In the former time, he brought into contempt the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali; but in the latter time he has made it glorious, by the way of the sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the nations. The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light. Those who lived in the land of the shadow of death, on them the light has shined… For to us a child is born. To us a son is given; and the government will be on his shoulders. His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and of peace there shall be no end, on David’s throne, and on his kingdom, to establish it, and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from that time on, even forever. The zeal of Yahweh of Armies will perform this.” Isaiah 9:1-2, 6-7

His delight will be in the fear of Yahweh. He will not judge by the sight of his eyes, neither decide by the hearing of his ears; but with righteousness he will judge the poor, and decide with equity for the humble of the earth. He will strike the earth with the rod of his mouth; and with the breath of his lips he will kill the wicked. Righteousness will be the belt of his waist, and faithfulness the belt of his waist. The wolf will live with the lamb, and the leopard will lie down with the young goat; The calf, the young lion, and the fattened calf together; and a little child will lead them. The cow and the bear will graze. Their young ones will lie down together. The lion will eat straw like the ox. The nursing child will play near a cobra’s hole, and the weaned child will put his hand on the viper’s den. They will not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain; for the earth will be full of the knowledge of Yahweh, as the waters cover the sea. It will happen in that day that THE NATIONS will seek the root of Jesse, who stands as a banner OF THE PEOPLES; and his resting place will be glorious.” Isaiah 11:3-10

But I said, ‘I have labored in vain. I have spent my strength in vain for nothing; yet surely the justice due to me is with Yahweh, and my reward with my God.’ Now Yahweh says, he who formed me from the womb to be his servant, to bring Jacob again to him, and to gather Israel to him, for I am honorable in Yahweh’s eyes, and my God has become my strength. Indeed, he says, ‘It is too light a thing that you should be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel? I will also give you as a light to the nations, that you may be my salvation to the end of the earth.’ Yahweh, the Redeemer of Israel, and his Holy One, says to him whom man despises, to him whom the nation abhors, to a servant of rulers:Kings shall see and rise up; princes, and they shall worship; because of Yahweh who is faithful, even the Holy One of Israel, who has chosen you.’ Yahweh says, ‘In an acceptable time I have answered you, and in a day of salvation I have helped you. I will preserve you, and give you for a covenant of the people, to raise up the land, to make them inherit the desolate heritage: saying to those who are bound, “Come out!”; to those who are in darkness, “Show yourselves!” They shall feed along the paths, and their pasture shall be on all treeless heights. They shall not hunger nor thirst; neither shall the heat nor sun strike them: for he who has mercy on them will lead them. He will guide them by springs of water.’” Isaiah 49:4-10
“… He has sent me to bind up the broken hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and release to those who are bound; to proclaim the year of Yahweh’s favor, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all who mourn;” Isaiah 61:1b-2

From the foregoing we see that Yahweh’s Servant is God’s means of bringing salvation and justice to the ends of the earth, being the One who establishes God’s covenant with all the nations. The Servant is also said to be the Child who is born to reign on David’s throne as the Mighty God forever and ever!  

Now that we have established that Yahweh’s Servant is an Israelite, and a descendant of king David who rules over David’s throne forever as the Mighty God in the flesh, we can proceed to our next points.

4. The Servant saves the nations by offering his life as a vicarious sacrifice for their sins.

5. Once the Servant accomplishes the salvation of the world by his sacrificial death, Yahweh will then raise him up to share in his own exalted status and sovereign authority over creation.

Behold, my servant will deal wisely. He will be exalted and lifted up, and will be very high. Just as many were astonished at you (his appearance was marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men), so he will cleanse many nations. Kings will shut their mouths at him: for they will see that which had not been told them; and they will understand that which they had not heard.” Isaiah 52:13-15

“Who has believed our message? To whom has the arm of Yahweh been revealed? For he grew up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of dry ground. He has no good looks or majesty. When we see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him. He was despised, and rejected by men; a man of suffering, and acquainted with disease. He was despised as one from whom men hide their face; and we didn’t respect him. Surely he has borne our sickness, and carried our suffering; yet we considered him plagued, struck by God, and afflicted. But he was pierced for our transgressions. He was crushed for our iniquities. The punishment that brought our peace was on him; and by his wounds we are healed. All we like sheep have gone astray. Everyone has turned to his own way; and Yahweh has laid on him the iniquity of us all. He was oppressed, yet when he was afflicted he didn’t open his mouth. As a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and as a sheep that before its shearers is silent, so he didn’t open his mouth. He was taken away by oppression and judgment; and as for his generation, who considered that he was cut off out of the land of the living and stricken for the disobedience of my people? They made his grave with the wicked, and with a rich man in his death; although he had done no violence, nor was any deceit in his mouth. Yet it pleased Yahweh to bruise him. He has caused him to suffer. When you make his soul an offering for sin, he will see his offspring. He will prolong his days, and Yahweh’s pleasure will prosper in his hand. After the suffering of his soul, he will see the light and be satisfied. My righteous servant will justify many by the knowledge of himself; and he will bear their iniquities. Therefore will I give him a portion with the great, and he will divide the plunder with the strong; because he poured out his soul to death, and was numbered with the transgressors; yet he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.” Isaiah 53:1-12

Astonishingly, Isaiah uses the same exact words to refer to the Servant’s exaltation that he does in describing Yahweh’s enthronement as King of heaven and earth:

In the year that king Uzziah died, I saw the Lord sitting on a throne, high and lifted up; and his train filled the temple. Above him stood the seraphim. Each one had six wings. With two he covered his face. With two he covered his feet. With two he flew. One called to another, and said, ‘Holy, holy, holy, is Yahweh of Armies! The whole earth is full of his glory!’ The foundations of the thresholds shook at the voice of him who called, and the house was filled with smoke. Then I said, ‘Woe is me! For I am undone, because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell among a people of unclean lips: for my eyes have seen the King, Yahweh of Armies!” Isaiah 6:1-5

Yahweh is exalted, for he dwells on high. He has filled Zion with justice and righteousness… ‘Now I will arise,’ says Yahweh;Now I will lift myself up. Now I will be exalted.’” Isaiah 33:5, 10

For thus says the high and lofty One who inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy:I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also who is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite.’” Isaiah 57:15

This means that Isaiah is indicating that the Servant is a co-occupant of Yahweh’s very own heavenly throne, and therefore shares in Yahweh’s exclusive sovereignty over the entire creation.

Suffice it to say that none of this applies to Muhammad, but it does perfectly fit the Lord Jesus.

1. Muhammad was not an Israelite from the root of Jesse, the father of king David. Jesus was/is.

The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the son of Abraham:” Matthew 1:1

When he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to cry out, ‘Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!’ Many ordered him to keep silent. But he cried out even more, ‘Son of David, have mercy on me!” Mark 10:47-48

concerning His Son, Jesus Christ our Lord, who was born of the seed of David according to the flesh and declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.” Romans 1:3-4

Remember Jesus Christ, raised from the dead, descended from David, according to my gospel,” 2 Timothy 2:8

I, Jesus, have sent My angel to you with this testimony for the churches. I AM the Root and the Offspring of David, the Bright and Morning Star” Revelation 22:16

2. Muhammad was not the Mighty God who was born to rule on David’s throne forever. Jesus was/is.

3. Muhammad wasn’t the great light which shined forth throughout the region of Galilee. Jesus was/is that great light who still shines in the hearts of all believers till this day.

Now when Jesus heard that John was put in prison, He left for Galilee. And leaving Nazareth, He came and lived in Capernaum, which is by the sea, in the regions of Zebulun and Naphtali, that what was spoken by Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, saying: ‘The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, the way to the sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles: The people who sat in darkness aw great light. And on those who sat in the land of the shadow of death, light has dawned.’ From that time Jesus began to preach, saying, ‘Repent! For the kingdom of heaven is at hand.’” Matthew 4:12-17

In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee named Nazareth, to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. And the virgin’s name was Mary. The angel came to her and said, ‘Greetings, you who are highly favored. The Lord is with you. Blessed are you among women.’ When she saw him, she was troubled by his words, and considered in her mind what kind of greeting this might be. But the angel said to her, ‘Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. Listen, you will conceive in your womb and bear a Son and shall call His name JESUS. He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Highest. And the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David, and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever. And of His kingdom there will be no end.’ Then Mary said to the angel, ‘How can this be, since I do not know a man?’ The angel answered her, ‘The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Highest will overshadow you. Therefore the Holy One who will be born will be called the Son of God. ‘” Luke 1:26-33

But the angel said to them, ‘Listen! Do not fear. For I bring you good news of great joy, which will be to all people. For unto you is born this day in the City of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord.’Now there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon, and this man was righteous and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him. It was revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not die before he had seen the Lord’s Christ. Led by the Spirit, he came into the temple. And when the parents brought in the Child Jesus, to do for Him according to the custom of the law, he received Him in his arms and blessed God and said: ‘Lord, now let Your servant depart in peace, according to Your word; for my eyes have seen Your salvation which You have prepared in the sight of all people, a light for revelation to the Gentiles, and the glory of Your people Israel.’” Luke 2:10-11, 25-32

Again, Jesus spoke to them, saying, ‘I am the light of the world. Whoever follows Me shall not walk in the darkness, but shall have the light of life.’” John 8:12 – cf. 1:4-5, 8-9; 9:4-5; 12:35-36, 46

4. Muhammad did not offer his life as an atoning sacrifice for the salvation of the world. Jesus did.

As they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed it and broke it, and gave it to the disciples and said, ‘Take and eat. This is My body.’ Then He took the cup, and after He gave thanks, He gave it to them, saying, ‘Drink of it, all of you. For this is My blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.” Matthew 26:26-28 – cf. Mark 14:22-24

For even the Son of Man came not to be served, but to serve, and to give His life as a ransom for many.” Mark 10:45 – cf. Matthew 20:28

The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, ‘Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world.’” John 1:29

Many of the Samaritans of that city believed in Him because of the word of the woman who testified, ‘He told me all that I ever did.’ So when the Samaritans came to Him, they asked Him to remain with them. And He stayed there two days. And many more believed because of His word. They said to the woman, ‘Now we believe, not because of what you said, for we have heard for ourselves and know that this Man is indeed the Christ, the Savior of the world.’” John 4:39-42 – cf. 3:17; 12:47

This is the bread which comes down from heaven, that one may eat of it and not die. I am the living bread which came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever. The bread which I shall give for the life of the world is My flesh.” John 6:50-51

My little children, I am writing these things to you, so that you do not sin. But if anyone does sin, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the Righteous One. He is the atoning sacrifice for our sins, and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.” 1 John 2:1-2

In this is love: not that we loved God, but that He loved us and sent His Son to be the atoning sacrifice for our sinsAnd we have seen and testify that the Father sent the Son to be the Savior of the world.” 1 John 4:10, 14

5. Muhammad never made a covenant with the people. Jesus did, and even ratified it by his blood.

Then He took the bread, and when He had given thanks, He broke it and gave it to them, saying, ‘This is My body which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of Me.’ In like manner, He took the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new covenant in My blood which is shed for you.” Luke 22:19-20

“But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, because He is the Mediator of a better covenant, which was established on better promises.” Hebrews 8:6

how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? For this reason He is the Mediator of a new covenant, since a death has occurred for the redemption of the sins that were committed under the first covenant, so that those who are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.” Hebrews 9:14-15

But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels; to the general assembly and church of the firstborn, who are enrolled in heaven; to God, the Judge of all; and to the spirits of the righteous ones made perfect; and to Jesus, the Mediator of a new covenant; and to the sprinkled blood that speaks better than that of Abel.” Hebrews 12:22-24

6. Muhammad was never raised to sit enthroned alongside Allah in order to rule creation. Jesus was exalted to reign on God’s throne over the entire creation for all eternity.

Then Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.’” Matthew 28:18

After the Lord had spoken to them, He was received up into heaven and sat at the right hand of God. Then they went forth and preached everywhere, the Lord working with them and confirming the word through the accompanying signs. Amen.” Mark 16:19-20

But being a prophet [David], and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of his seed according to the flesh, He would raise up the Christ to sit on his throne, he foresaw this and spoke concerning the resurrection of the Christ, that His soul was not abandoned to Hades, nor did His flesh see corruption. God raised up this Jesus, of which we all are witnesses. Therefore being exalted to the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, He has poured out this which you now see and hear. For David has not ascended to the heavens, yet he says: ‘The Lord said to my Lord,Sit at My right hand, Until I make Your enemies Your footstool.”’ Therefore, let all the house of Israel assuredly know that God has made this Jesus, whom you have crucified, both Lord and Christ.” Acts 2:30-36

and what is the surpassing greatness of His power toward us who believe, according to the working of His mighty power, which He performed in Christ when He raised Him from the dead and seated Him at His own right hand in the heavenly places, FAR ABOVE ALL principalities, and power, and might, and dominion, and EVERY NAME that is named, not only in this age but also in that which is to come. And He put all things in subjection under His feet and made Him the head over all things for the church, which is His body, the fullness of Him who fills all things in all ways.” Ephesians 1:19-23

For this you know, that no sexually immoral or impure person, or one who is greedy, who is an idolater, has any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God.” Ephesians 5:5

Figuratively this is like baptism, which also saves us now. It is not washing off the dirt from the body, but a response to God from a good conscience through the resurrection of Jesus Christ, who has gone into heaven and is at the right hand of God, with angels and authorities and powers being made subject to Him.” 1 Peter 3:21-22

For in this way the entrance into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ will be abundantly provided for you.” 2 Peter 1:11

The seventh angel sounded, and there were loud voices in heaven, saying:The kingdoms of the world have become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of His Christ, and He shall reign forever and ever.’” Revelation 11:15

“… The dragon stood before the woman who was ready to give birth, to devour her Child as soon as He was born. She gave birth to a male Child, ‘who was to rule all nations with an iron scepter.’ And her Child was caught up to God and to His throneThen I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying:Now the salvation and the power and the kingdom of our God and the authority of His Christ have come, for the accuser of our brothers, who accused them before our God day and night, has been cast down.” Revelation 12:4b-5, 10

These will wage war with the Lamb, but the Lamb will overcome them, for He is Lord of lords and King of kings. Those who are with Him are called and chosen and faithful.” Revelation 17:14 – cf. 19:16; 22:1, 3

Hopefully, this will now put to rest the desperate attempt by certain Muhammadans to misapply Isaiah 42 to their prophet. The fact is that the theology of not only Isaiah, but also the Holy Bible as a whole condemns Muhammad as a false prophet and an antichrist. See our addendum for the details.

All OT references taken from the World English Bible (WEB).

All NT citations taken from the Modern English Version (MEV) of the Holy Bible.