Even More Groans for Allah and his “Messenger”
By Sam Shamoun
By Sam Shamoun
Islamic tradition not only identifies Allah as a king,
56 Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihaad)
(168) Chapter: If the enemy is ready to accept the judgement of a Muslim
Narrated Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri:
When the tribe of Bani Quraiza was ready to accept Sa`d's judgment, Allah's Messenger sent for Sa`d who was near to him. Sa`d came, riding a donkey and when he came near, Allah's Messenger said (to the Ansar), "Stand up for your leader." Then Sa`d came and sat beside Allah's Messenger who said to him. "These people are ready to accept your judgment." Sa`d said, "I give the judgment that their warriors should be killed and their children and women should be taken as prisoners." The Prophet then remarked, "O Sa`d! You have judged amongst them with (or similar to) the judgment of the King Allah."
Reference: Sahih al-Bukhari 3043
In-book reference: Book 56, Hadith 249
USC-MSA web (English) reference : Vol. 4, Book 52, Hadith 280 (deprecated numbering scheme) (Sunnah.com).
Who is supposed to be most holy,
Sunan Abi Dawud
8 Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Detailed Injunctions about Witr
(492) Chapter: Supplicating After Witr
Narrated Ubayy ibn Ka'b:
When the Messenger of Allah offered salutation in the witr prayer, he said: Glorify be to the king most holy.
Grade: Sahih (Al-Albani)
Reference: Sunan Abi Dawud 1430
In-book reference: Book 8, Hadith 15
English translation: Book 8, Hadith 1425 (Sunnah.com)
(113) Chapter: About The Supplication Of The Prophet, And His Seeking Refuge At The End Of Every Salat
Az-Zubair bin `Awwam narrated:
that the Prophet said: “There is not a morning that the slave of Allah reached except that a caller calls out: ‘Glorify the King, the Free of Deficiencies. (Sabbiḥul Malikal-Quddūs).’”
Grade : Da’if (Darussalam)
Reference: Jami` at-Tirmidhi 3569
In-book reference: Book 48, Hadith 200
English translation: Vol. 6, Book 46, Hadith 3569 (Sunnah.com)
It also refers to him as the king of kings:
The Laughing Of Rasoolullah
Abdullah ibn Mas'ood said, I know the person who will come out last from the fire… He will reply, "O my creator, I remember well." It will be commanded to him "Make your wish in whichever way your heart desires." He will put forward his desires. It shall be commanded. All your desires are fulfilled and in addition ten times the size of the world is granted to you. He will reply, "Are you jesting with me O my Allah, and You are the King of the Kings?" (There is no place in Jannah and You are granting me a place ten times greater than the world). Sayyidina Ibn Mas'ood said, I saw Rasoolullah laugh till his mubarak teeth showed, when he related this portion of the man's reply.
English reference: Book 34, Hadith 222
Arabic reference: Book 35, Hadith 232 (Sunnah.com; bold and underline emphasis ours)
The Islamic sources further attest that Allah utterly despises anyone who would dare call himself the king of kings, or some such similar title,
In the Sahih, from Abu Hurayrah, the Prophet said, “The most despicable name to Allah is a man called King of Kings. There is no King but Allah.”…
Sufyan said, “Similar is Shah of Shahs.”119…
And in one narration, “The most infuriating man to Allah on the Day of Resurrection, and the most filthy to Him…”120…
His saying, “Akhna‘a [despicable]” means the most despicable…
119 Recorded by al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, and al-Tirmidhi and others.
120 Recorded by Muslim and Ahmad. (Explanation of Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhab’s Kitab Al-Tawhid, by ‘Allamah ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sa‘di, translated by Abu Khaliyl [Al-Hidaayah Publishing & Distribution Ltd, 2003], Chapter 46. The Name Judge of Judges, and the like, p. 215)
Since this would essentially be a claim to Deity, to being God, and/or a partner with Allah:
Commentary by ‘Allamah al-Sa‘di
The Name Judge of Judges, and the like & The Sacredness of Allah’s Names, Changing a Name because of that
These two discussions are branches of the preceding chapters. That is, it is obligatory that no equals be made for Allah in intention, saying, or deed. So one is not to be called with a name that implies some type of partnership with one of Allah’s Names or attributes, like the judge of judges, the king of kings etc. Or, the Ruler of rulers, or Abu Hakam [the father of rule] etc. All of this is out of precaution for tawhid and Allah’s names and attributes, and defending against what leads to shirk, to the extent of even refraining from expressions which it is feared may bring about the thought that they imply partnership with Allah in any of His rights or what is specific to Him. (Ibid., Chapter 47. The Sacredness of Allah’s Names, changing ones name because of that, p. 218; bold emphasis ours)
And yet according to God’s Word, the Holy Bible, Jesus is the One who is absolutely Holy and Righteous, since he is the Creator of Life and God’s Son whom the Father has glorified:
“The God of Abraham and Isaac and Jacob, the God of our fathers, has glorified His Son Jesus, whom you handed over and denied in the presence of Pilate, when he had decided to release Him. You denied the Holy and Righteous One and asked for a murderer to be granted to you, and you killed the Creator of Life, whom God has raised from the dead, of which we are witnesses.” Acts 3:13-15
“To the angel of the church in Philadelphia write: ‘He who is holy, He who is true, He who has the key of David, He who opens and no one shuts, and shuts and no one opens, says these things:’” Revelation 3:7
Moreover, Jesus is not only said to be the King who reigns from the right hand of God in heaven,
“Brothers, I may speak confidently to you concerning the patriarch David, that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us to this day. But being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of his seed according to the flesh, He would raise up the Christ to sit on his throne, he foresaw this and spoke concerning the resurrection of the Christ, that His soul was not abandoned to Hades, nor did His flesh see corruption. God raised up this Jesus, of which we all are witnesses. Therefore being exalted to the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, He has poured out this which you now see and hear. For David has not ascended to the heavens, yet he says: ‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand, Until I make Your enemies Your footstool.”’” Acts 2:29-35
“But when they did not find them, they dragged Jason and some brothers to the city officials, crying out, ‘These men who have turned the world upside down have come here also, and Jason has received them. They are all acting contrary to the decrees of Caesar, saying that there is another king, Jesus.’” Acts 17:6-7
He is further described as the only immortal Ruler and King of kings and Lord of lords, who lives in unapproachable light:
“I command you, in the sight of God, who gives life to all things, and in the sight of Christ Jesus, who testified a good confession before Pontius Pilate, to keep this commandment without blemish, blameless until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ, which HE, WHO is the blessed and only Ruler, the King of kings and Lord of lords, will reveal at the proper time. HE alone has immortality, living in unapproachable light, whom no one has seen, nor can see. To HIM be honor and everlasting power. Amen.” 1 Timothy 6:13-16
And as the One who rules over all creation as the King of kings and Lord of lords,
“and from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth. To Him who loved us and washed us from our sins in His own blood, and has made us kings and priests to His God and Father, to Him be glory and dominion forever and ever. Amen.” Revelation 1:5-6
Christ shall come to wage war with the enemies of God and destroy them by the sword of his mouth:
“These will wage war with the Lamb, but the Lamb will overcome them, for He is Lord of lords and King of kings. Those who are with Him are called and chosen and faithful.” Revelation 17:14
“I saw heaven opened. And there was a white horse. He who sat on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and wages war. His eyes are like a flame of fire, and on His head are many crowns. He has a name written, that no one knows but He Himself. He is clothed with a robe dipped in blood. His name is called The Word of God. The armies in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, followed Him on white horses. Out of His mouth proceeds a sharp sword, with which He may strike the nations. ‘He shall rule them with an iron scepter.’ He treads the winepress of the fury and wrath of God the Almighty. On His robe and on His thigh He has a name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS. And I saw an angel standing in the sun, and he cried with a loud voice to all the birds flying in the midst of heaven, ‘Come and gather for the supper of the great God, to eat the flesh of kings, the flesh of commanders, the flesh of strong men, the flesh of horses and their riders, and the flesh of all men, both free and slave, both small and great!’ Then I saw the beast and the kings of the earth with their armies gathered to wage war against Him who sat on the horse and against His army. But the beast was captured and with him the false prophet who worked signs in his presence, by which he deceived those who received the mark of the beast and those who worshipped his image. These two were thrown alive into the lake of fire that burns with brimstone. The remnant were slain with the sword which proceeded out of the mouth of Him who sat on the horse. And all the birds gorged themselves with their flesh.” Revelation 19:11-21
What makes the testimony of Revelation rather important is that it claims to be the very revelation that the risen Lord himself revealed to his servant John for all the churches to read and hear:
“The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave to Him to show to His servants things which must soon take place. He sent and signified it by His angel to His servant John, who bears record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ, and of all things that he saw. Blessed is he who reads and those who hear the words of this prophecy and keep those things which are written in it, for the time is near… I, John, both your brother and companion in the tribulation and kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was on the isle that is called Patmos on account of the word of God and the testimony of Jesus Christ. I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s Day, and I heard behind me a great voice like a trumpet, saying, ‘I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last,’ and ‘What you see, write in a book, and send it to the seven churches which are in Asia: to Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea.’ I turned to see the voice that spoke with me. And when I turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks, and in the midst of the seven candlesticks was one like a Son of Man, clothed with a garment down to the feet and with a golden sash wrapped around the chest. The hair on His head was white like wool, as white as snow. His eyes were like a flame of fire. His feet were like fine brass, as if refined in a furnace, and His voice as the sound of many waters. He had in His right hand seven stars, and out of His mouth went a sharp two-edged sword. His appearance was like the sun shining brightly. When I saw Him, I fell at His feet as though I were dead. Then He laid His right hand on me, saying to me, ‘Do not be afraid. AM THE FIRST AND THE LAST, I AM HE WHO LIVES, though I WAS DEAD. Look! I am alive forevermore. Amen. And I have the keys of Hades and of Death. Write the things which you have seen, and the things which are, and the things which will take place after this. The mystery of the seven stars which you saw in My right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks: The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches, and the seven candlesticks which you saw are the seven churches.’” Revelation 1:1-3, 9-20
This means that it is Christ who is personally claiming to be the King of kings, the Lord of lords, the Ruler of the kings of earth, as well as the First and the Last who lives forevermore.
Remarkably, these last two descriptions, i.e., “He who lives,” and “the First and the Last,” are some of the other divine names which the Quran and Islamic tradition attribute to Allah:
Al-Awwal, Al-Akhir: The First and the Last
Al-Akhir is He who remains after all His creatures have perished.
Al-Awwal is the First, preceding all others.
Al-Awwal and Al-Akhir are two of the Ninety-Nine Names.
"He is the First and the Last and the Outward and the Inward." (57:3)
The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "... Allah, You are the First, for there was nothing before You, and You are the Last, for there is nothing after You, and you are the Outward, for there is nothing above You, and You are the Inward, for there is nothing beyond You. Remove our debt, and relieve us from poverty."…
Al-Hayy: The Living
Ever-Living, i.e. Deathless.
Al-Hayy is one of the Ninety-Nine Names.
"Allah, there is no god but Him, the Living, the Self-Sustaining." (2:253)
"Put your trust in the Living who does not die and glorify Him with praise." (25:58) (Aisha Bewley, Divine Names)
We thus have Jesus himself ascribing to his glorious and majestic Person the very names and characteristics which Islam itself agrees only belong to God. We even have Christ referring to himself by the very names which Allah utterly despises for anyone to employ, since it infuriates him for someone to identify himself as the King of kings, the Lord of lords, the Ruler of the kings of the earth, etc.
This not only proves that Christ and his followers could not have been Muslims as the Quran argues,
When Jesus found Unbelief on their part He said: "Who will be My helpers to (the work of) God?" Said the disciples: "We are God's helpers: We believe in God, and do thou bear witness that we are Muslims.” S. 3:52 A. Y. Ali – cf. Q. 5:111
But it also shows that Jesus did indeed claim to be God Almighty in the flesh, as well as the divine Son who is coequal with God the Father in essence and glory.
After all, we have God’s Word, the Holy Bible, and the Quran both agreeing that only God can refer to himself as the King of kings, Lord of lords, and the Ruler of the kings of the earth who is the First and the Last that lives forever:
“For the Lord your God is the God of gods and Lord of lords, the great, the mighty, and the fearsome God who is unbiased and takes no bribe.” Deuteronomy 10:17
“Oh, give thanks to the Lord of lords, for His mercy endures forever:” Psalm 136:3
“Listen to Me, O Jacob and Israel, whom I called: I am He; I am the First, and I am the Last.” Isaiah 48:12 – cf. 41:4; 44:6
“But at the end of the days, I, Nebuchadnezzar, lifted up my eyes to heaven, and my understanding returned to me, and I blessed the Most High, and I praised and honored Him who lives forever: For His dominion is an everlasting dominion, and whose kingdom endures from generation to generation. And all the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing; and He does according to His will in the army of heaven and among the inhabitants of the earth. And no one can stay His hand or say to Him, ‘What have You done?’” Daniel 4:34-35
As such, the risen Christ must be Yahweh God in the flesh for him to take all of these divine names and descriptions and apply them to himself.
So much for Muhammad being a true prophet and for Muhammad’s Allah being the true God.
All scriptural citations taken from the Modern English Version (MEV) of the Holy Bible.